Advances in Chronic Wounds Monitoring with Biomedical Sensors

Wound assessment is usually performed in hospitals or specialized labs. However, since patients spend most of their time at home, a remote real time wound monitoring would help providing a better care and improving the healing rate. This review describes the advances in sensors and biosensors for monitoring the concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP), temperature and pH in wounds. These three parameters can be used as qualitative biomarkers to assess the wound status and the effectiveness of therapy. CRP biosensors can be classified in: field effect transistors, optical immunosensors based on surface plasmon resonance, total internal reflection, fluorescence and chemiluminescence, electrochemical sensors based on potentiometry, amperometry, and electrochemical impedance, and piezoresistive sensors, such as quartz crystal microbalances and microcantilevers. The last section reports the most recent developments for wearable non-invasive temperature and pH sensors suitable for wound monitoring.